guinée équatoriale
De

27 octobre 2020
guinée équatoriale

Minimal government backing for mainland annexation came as a result of public opinion and a need for labour on Fernando Pó. [80], The Equatorial Guinea government has partnered with Hess Corporation and The Academy for Educational Development (AED) to establish a $20 million education program for primary school teachers to teach modern child development techniques. L’Espagne envoie un géographe, Manuel Iradier y Bulfy, qui s’emploie à partir de 1884 à ré-annexer les territoires du Rio Muni, en passant des traités avec les chefs locaux. Very quickly the Biafran separatists were starved into submission without international backing. Out of a population of 300,000, an estimated 80,000 were killed. [22] As a result of this disaster, Spain was thereafter hesitant to invest heavily in their new possession.

In 2006, Forbes estimated his personal wealth at $600 million.[49]. Europeans (largely of Spanish or Portuguese descent, some with partial African ancestry) also live in the country, but most ethnic Spaniards left after independence. Bantu migrations started probably around 2,000 BC from between south-east Nigeria and north-west Cameroon (the Grassfields). [28], Politically, post-war colonial history has three fairly distinct phases: up to 1959, when its status was raised from 'colonial' to 'provincial', following the approach of the Portuguese Empire; between 1960 and 1968, when Madrid attempted a partial decolonisation aimed at keeping the territory as part of the Spanish system; and from 1968 on, after the territory became an independent republic. [citation needed], With Liberian workers no longer available, planters of Fernando Po turned to Rio Muni. [62], In 2006, Obiang signed an anti-torture decree banning all forms of abuse and improper treatment in Equatorial Guinea, and commissioned the renovation and modernization of Black Beach prison in 2007 to ensure the humane treatment of prisoners.

[citation needed]. [needs update], In recent years,[when?] The humiliation of the Franco-Spanish negotiations, combined with the disaster in Cuba led to the head of the Spanish negotiating team, Pedro Gover y Tovar committing suicide on the voyage home on 21 October 1901. La fête nationale est l'événement majeur de l'année en Guinée équatoriale. Quelques autres sites, de surface ou en affleurement stratigraphique, indiquent que l'Âge Moyen de la Pierre est bien représenté dans cette partie du pays. The Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests ecoregion covers most of Bioko and the adjacent portions of Cameroon and Nigeria on the African mainland, and the Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests ecoregion covers the highlands of Bioko and nearby Mount Cameroon. Le recensement de 2015 dénombre 1 222 242 habitants.

Obiang answered he refused to step aside because the new constitution was not retroactive and the two- term limit would only become applicable from 2016.

He was received by the Prime Minister, Charged with Administrative Coordination, Francisco Pascual Obama Asue, and Diosdado Vicente … De ce fait, il est probable que ce territoire devait être habité par des populations nomades de chasseurs-cueilleurs, à l'instar de ce qui est connu sur le continent actuel. The British settled some 2,000 Sierra Leoneans and freed slaves there during their rule, and limited immigration from West Africa and the West Indies continued after the British left. It was then required to meet a number of obligations to do so, including committing to working with civil society and companies on EITI implementation, appointing a senior individual to lead on EITI implementation, and publishing a fully costed Work Plan with measurable targets, a timetable for implementation and an assessment of capacity constraints.

Si vous souhaitez en savoir davantage sur les cookies et la manière dont vous pouvez les gérer, veuillez consulter notre politique relative aux cookies. To learn more about cookies, click here. Les frontières aériennes, fermées depuis le 13 mars, sont rouvertes. Macias Nguema signed a preferential trade agreement and a shipping treaty with the Soviet Union. Malabo.sa … [citation needed], In 1778, Queen Maria I of Portugal and King Charles III of Spain signed the Treaty of El Pardo which ceded Bioko, adjacent islets, and commercial rights to the Bight of Biafra between the Niger and Ogoue rivers to Spain.

[105], Equatorial Guinea's innovative malaria programs in the early 21st century achieved success in reducing malaria infection, disease, and mortality. In July 1968 virtually all Bubi leaders journed to the UN in New York to try and raise awareness for their cause, but the world community was uninterested in quibbling over the specifics of colonial independence. Les déserteurs étaient expulsés et livrés à leurs armées respectives. Río Muni region lies within the Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests ecoregion except for patches of Central African mangroves on the coast, especially in the Muni River estuary. Ces deux îles furent longtemps utilisées comme escales de rafraîchissements[3].

Due to historical and cultural ties, in 2010 the legislature amended article four of the Constitution of Equatorial Guinea, to establish Portuguese as an official language of the Republic.

The government financed an Instituto Internacional da Língua Portuguesa (IILP) sociolinguistic study in Annobón. Les frontières terrestresrestent fermées. In Lanfranchi (R.) & Schwartz (D.) éds. Several leading members of CPDS were detained in Malabo and others in Bata were kept from boarding several local flights to Malabo. [99] The national parliament discussed this law in October 2011. Aerial view of Malabo, capital city of Equatorial Guinea located on Bioko Island. Their efforts resulted in a reduction in all-cause under-five mortality from 152 to 55 deaths per 1,000 live births (down 64%), a sharp drop that coincided with the launch of the program. La Guinée équatoriale ou Guinée-Équatoriale, en forme longue la république de Guinée équatoriale ou république de Guinée-Équatoriale, en espagnol Guinea Ecuatorial et República de Guinea Ecuatorial, en portugais Guiné Equatorial et República da Guiné Equatorial, est un pays d'Afrique centrale. In response, the Spanish declared that they would hold a constitutional convention on 27 October 1967 to negotiate a new constitution for an independent Equatorial Guinea. The crew landed on São Tomé instead where they were imprisoned by the Portuguese authorities after having lost over 80% of their men to sickness.

Equatorial Guinea ranks at position 161 out of 179 countries in the 2012 Reporters Without Borders press freedom index. Trois gisements « pré-néolithiques » ont été recensés. Dialects of Fang are also spoken in parts of neighboring Cameroon (Bulu) and Gabon. Indigenous languages include Fang, Bube, Benga, Ndowe, Balengue, Bujeba, Bissio, Gumu, Igbo, Pichinglis, Fa d'Ambô and the nearly extinct Baseke. [40] Macias Nguema further consolidated his totalitarian powers by outlawing opposition political parties in July 1970 and making himself president for life in 1972. Between 1778 and 1810, the territory of what became Equatorial Guinea was administered by the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, based in Buenos Aires. En poursuivant votre visite sur notre plateforme, vous acceptez l'utilisation de Cookies. We provide a wide array of financial products and technical assistance, and we help countries share and apply innovative knowledge and solutions to the challenges they face. Elle est d'origine volcanique et ne compte que 5 800 habitants. The MPP called for a peaceful protest at the Plaza de la Mujer square on 15 May. Despite its name, no part of the country's territory lies on the equator—it is in the northern hemisphere, except for the insular Annobón Province, which is about 155 km (96 mi) south of the equator. The 1960s were a time of great optimism over the future of the former African colonies, and groups that had been close to European rulers, like the Bubi, were not viewed positively. [21] The main island's rainy climate, extreme humidity and temperature swings took a major toll on European settlers from the beginning, and it would be centuries before attempts restarted. [85], According to the World Bank, Equatorial Guinea has the highest GNI (Gross National Income) per capita of any African country, 83 times larger than the GNI per capita of Burundi, the poorest country.[86]. [111] The country also has no documented heritage listed in the Memory of the World Programme of UNESCO nor any intangible cultural heritage listed in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List.[112][113]. Working their own small cocoa farms gave them a considerable degree of autonomy. En cas de rixes entre marins allemands d'une part et britanniques ou français de l'autre, la police coloniale espagnole expulsait les fautifs dans un délai de 24 heures. China and Cuba also gave different forms of financial, military, and technical assistance to Equatorial Guinea, which got them a measure of influence there. There are three airports in Equatorial Guinea — Malabo International Airport, Bata Airport and the new Annobon Airport on the island of Annobon. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Volcano Pico Basilé on the island of Bioko. Cette province comprend les anciennes îles de Fernando Póo et d'Annobón ou Pagalú. Brigadier Felipe José, Count of Arjelejos sailed from Uruguay to formally take possession of Bioko from Portugal, landing on the island on 21 October 1778. The deterioration of the rural economy under successive brutal regimes has diminished any potential for agriculture-led growth. In Río Muni, the average temperature is about 27 °C (81 °F). Television Nacional, the television network, is state operated. Equatorial Guinea has also been a destination for fortune-seeking European settlers from Britain, France and Germany.

La première tentative de peuplement des îles désertes du golfe se fait sur l’île de São Tomé en 1485, mais elle échoue. Paris : ORSTOM, Collection didactiques : 458–478, Clist (B.). [26] To the local mix were added Cubans, Filipinos, Catalans, Jews and Spaniards of various colours, many of who had deported to Africa for political or other crimes, as well as some settlers backed by the government. 2% of the population follows Islam (mainly Sunni). Ce n’est qu’en 1493 que les efforts consentis par les Lusitaniens porteront leurs fruits dans cette île. [34], A decision of 9 August 1963, approved by a referendum of 15 December 1963, gave the territory a measure of autonomy and the administrative promotion of a 'moderate' group, the Movimiento de Unión Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial [es] (MUNGE). There were garrisons of the colonial guard throughout the enclave by 1926, and the whole colony was considered 'pacified' by 1929. Les expatriés maîtrisant cette langue, mais aussi les francophones, pourront ainsi s'adapter facilement à leur nouvel environnement.

[80], Equatorial Guinea currently has no UNESCO World Heritage Site or tentative sites for the World Heritage List. As of February 2016[update], Obiang is Africa's second-longest serving dictator after Cameroon's Paul Biya. Pendant de nombreuses années, la colonisation espagnole ne sera pas effective.

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